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In the know: What pain relief options are available during childbirth?




Expectant mothers have access to a range of pain relief options to help manage discomfort during childbirth. Understanding these options can empower women to make informed decisions about their birthing experience. Here are some common pain relief options available:

  1. Gas and Air (Entonox): Also known as "laughing gas," Entonox is a mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen that is inhaled through a mask or mouthpiece during contractions. It can help reduce the perception of pain and is often self-administered by the mother as needed.

  2. Epidural: An epidural is a regional anaesthetic that is administered through a catheter placed into the lower back, numbing the lower half of the body. It provides effective pain relief and is commonly used for both vaginal and caesarean deliveries. However, it does require an anaesthetist and can prolong labour in some cases.

  3. TENS Machine: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) involves the use of a small, battery-operated device that delivers mild electrical impulses to nerve endings through electrodes placed on the skin. It can help alleviate pain by stimulating the body's natural pain-relieving mechanisms.

  4. Opioid Medications: In some cases, opioid medications such as pethidine or diamorphine may be offered to provide pain relief during labour. These medications are usually administered by injection and can help take the edge off pain, but they may also cause drowsiness and affect the baby's breathing if given too close to delivery.

  5. Water Birth: Labouring in a warm water pool can provide relaxation and pain relief for some women. Water immersion can help soothe discomfort and promote relaxation during contractions.

  6. Massage and Relaxation Techniques: Massage, breathing exercises, and other relaxation techniques can help distract from pain and promote a sense of calm during labour. Many birthing facilities in the UK offer access to trained birth partners or midwives who can provide support in using these techniques.

It's essential for expectant mothers to discuss their pain relief preferences and options with their healthcare provider during prenatal appointments. By understanding the available options and considering their individual needs and preferences, women can make informed decisions to ensure a more comfortable and positive childbirth experience.


To find out more about all pain relief options available, why not attend one of our antenatal classes. Find out more by clicking here.

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